The Malagasy craft industry is characterized by its diversity, as well as in its form, production as its geographical situation. It is more than ever present in the everyday life of the Malagasy and knows even a regular expansion.
One distinguishes generally, three categories of craft industry production in various forms:
- The craft industry which produces utility goods representing basketries, weaving, leather, wood and metal work, foodstuff transformation, the paper work, the manufacture of charcoal, the brickyard, tile-works, the pottery, mirror manufacture, the manufacture of articles from greasy substance, bakery, confectionery etc.);
- The service craft industry which is constituted of mechanical reparation, electric domestic appliances, watches reparation and audio-visual appliances, hairdresser, etc.);
- The art craft industry gathers the sculpture, marquetry, standard lamp, jewelry, the work of horn, ceramic pottery, painting, gold silver plated, etc.).
The craft industry contributes in the export increase and diversity. It takes part in the satisfaction of the essential need adapted to the purchasing power for the rural and urban population, and brings complementary incomes to the peasants and underprivileged population.
For a certain time, with the support of the national and international assistance structures, the sector tries to be organized while gathering in professional associations.
- UAMA (union des artisans Malagasy)
- FEDNAM (federation nationale de l’artisanat Malagasy)
-GROUPROAMA (groupement des professionnels des artisans de Madagascar)
- FIMPITAMA (groupement descommerçcants de produits artisanaux Malagasy)
- UNAPM (union des artisans d’arts plasticiens de Madagascar)
- GAAA (groupement des artisans d’arts d’Antsirabe)
- ATA (Chambres des métiers d’Antananarivo)
- Madagascar Magic Fingers
It should be noted that other associations with limited scale also exist
Sector potentialities and opportunities
Handicraft is integrated into the Malagasy culture. Indeed, it is an activity of master key time and passion that has assumed for the last 10 years an economic and professional dimension. The structuring of the trade of craftsman, the development of training programs and growing position on the international markets reinforce the image of this diversified craft industry. The availability of the various raw materials (available locally, silk, “landy be”, raffia, sisal, cotton, banana leaves, horns…) widens the variety of item possible such as baskets, bags, shoes, woodwork, jewelry
Handicraft clusters will contribute to improving the production system. Malagasy craft products are eligible for AGOA benefits.
Madagascar has many natural resources as well of mineral origin, vegetable as animal which show the importance and the diversity of the craft productions.
The majority of craft technologies can be implemented easily.
The craft industry can create a high number of jobs.